Speed School of Engineering | Department of Mechanical Engineering

Computational Thermo-Fluid Laboratory


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Publications in Books

  1. Shyy, W., Lian, Y., Tang, J., Viieru, D., and Liu, H., Aerodynamics of Low Reynolds Number Flyers , Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Book Chapters

  1. Sethu, P., Putty, K., Lian, Y. and Kalia, A., "Microfluidic cell-arrays for high-throughput interrogation of host-pathogen interactions," Handbook of Research on Computational and Systems Biology: Interdisciplinary Applications, ICCSB2009, 2011 publication.
  2. Shyy, W., Lian, Y., Chimakurthi, S. K., Tang, J., Cesnik, C.E.S., Stanford, B., and Ifju, P., “Flexible Wings and Fluid-Structure Interactions for Micro-Air Vehicles,” In Flying Insects & Robots, Floreano, Zufferey, Srinivasan, Ellington (Eds.), Springer Verlag, pp. 143-157, December 2009.

Publications in Refereed Journals

  1. Guo, Y. and Lian, Y., "High-speed oblique drop impact on thin liquid films," Physics of Fluids, Vol. 29, Issue 8
  2. Nolan, T., Lian, Y., and Sussman, M., "A Fast Simulation Tool for Selective Laser Melting Additive Manufacturing," Proceeding of Solid Freeform Fabrication Symposium, 2017
  3. Highlight of the Physics of Fluid work "Researchers model high-speed drop impact on thin films," AIP Scilight, August 2017
  4. Xu, S., Cai, J., and Lian, Y., "Investigation of Nanosecond-pulsed Dielectric Barrier Discharge Actuators with Powered Electrode of Different Exposures," Plasma Science and Technology, Volume 19, Number 19, July 2017
  5. Prater, R., and Lian, Y., "DES Simulation of Asymmetrical Flow in a High Pressure Diesel Injector," ASME Journal of Engineering for Gas Turbines and Power, 139(11), July, 2017
  6. Guo, Y., Lian, Y., and Sussman, M., "Investigation of drop impact on dry and wet surfaces with consideration of surrounding air," Physics of Fluidsi, Vol. 28, 073303 (2016)
  7. Hord, K., and Lian, Y., "Leading edge vortex development on a pitch-up airfoil," International Journal of Aerodynamics, Vol. 5, No. 1, pp. 69-81, 2015.
  8. Hord, K, and Lian, Y.,"Leading Edge Vortex Circulation Development on Finite Aspect Ratio Pitch-Up Wings," AIAA Journal, 2016,
  9. Chen, Y., & Lian, Y. (2015). "Numerical investigation of vortex dynamics in an H-rotor vertical axis wind turbine." Engineering Applications of Computational Fluid Mechanics, (ahead-of-print), 1-12.
  10. Li, G., Lian, Y., Guo, Y., Jemison, M., Sussman, M., Helms, T., Arienti, M. (2015). Incompressible multiphase flow and encapsulation simulations using the moment‐of‐fluid method. International Journal for Numerical Methods in Fluids, 79(9), 456-490.
  11. Broering, T. M., & Lian, Y. (2015). "Numerical study of tandem flapping wing aerodynamics in both two and three dimensions." Computers & Fluids, 115, 124-139.
  12. Zhang, C. and Lian, Y., “Conjugate heat transfer analysis using a simplified household refrigerator model,” International Journal of Refrigeration, Vol. 45 (2014): 210-222.Download Paper
  13. Zhang, M. and Lian, Y., "Numerical investigation of the Coulter principle in a hydrodynamically focused microfluidics," International Journal of Information and Electronics Engineering, 4, No. 6, November 2014, pp. 462-468.
  14. Lian, Y., Broering, T., Hord, K., and Prater, R., “The characterization of tandem corrugated wings,” Progress in Aerospace Sciences, Vol. 65, 2014, pp. 41-69.Download Paper
  15. Zwangzig, S., Lian, Y., and Brehob, E., “Numerical simulation of phase change material composite wallboard in a multi-layered building envelope,” Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 69, 2013, pp.27-40
  16. Broering, T., and Lian, Y., “The effect of phase angle and wing spacing on tandem flapping wings, Acta Mechanica Sinica (2012) 28(6):1557–1571
  17. Broering, T., and Lian, Y., “Numerical Investigation of Energy Extraction in a Tandem Flapping Wing Configuration,” AIAA Journal, 50, No. 11, 2012, pp. 2295-2308.
  18. Hord, K., Lian, Y., Numerical Investigation of the Aerodynamic and Structural Characteristics of a Corrugated Airfoil, Journal of Aircraft, 49, No. 3, 2012, pp. 749-757.
  19. Zhang, M., Lian, Y., Brehob, E., and Harnett, C.,“ Investigation of Hydrodynamic Focusing in a Microfluidic Coulter Counter Device”, Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, Vol. 134, No. 8, 2012, 081001 (9 pages)
  20. Song, G. J., Yang, D. H., Tong, P., and Lian, Y., “Parallel WNAO Algorithm for Solving 3D Elastic Equation and its Wavefield Simulations in TI Media,” Chinese J. Geophys, 2012, Vol. 55, No. 2, pp. 547-559.
  21. Lian, Y., “Parametric Study of a Pitching Flat Plate at Low Reynolds Numbers,” Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol. 72, No. 1, pp. 1-16, 2011.
  22. Lian, Y., Blockage Effects on the Aerodynamics of a Pitching Wing,” AIAA Journal, Vol. 48, No. 12, pp. 2731-2738, 2010.
  23. Lian, Y., Oyama, A., and Liou, M-S., “Progress in Design Optimization Using Evolutionary Algorithms for Aerodynamic Problems,” Progress in Aerospace Sciences, Vol. 46, pp. 199-223, 2010.
  24. Shyy, W., Lian, Y., Tang, J., Liu, H., Trizila, P., Stanford, B., Bernal, L., Cesnik, C., Friedman, P., and Ifju, P., “Computational Aerodynamics of Low Reynolds Number Plunging, Pitching and Flexible Wings for MAV Applications,” Review Paper, Acta Mech Sin, Vol. 24, pp. 351-373, 2008.
  25. Lian, Y., and Shyy, W., “Laminar-Turbulent Transition of a Low Reynolds Number Rigid or Flexible Airfoil,” AIAA Journal, Vol. 47, No. 7, 2007.
  26. Lian, Y., and Liou, M-S., “Aero-Structural Optimization of a Transonic Compressor Rotor,”
    Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 22, No. 4, 2006, pp. 880-888.
  27. Lian, Y., and Kim, N-H., “Reliability-based Design Optimization of a Transonic Compressor,” AIAA Journal, Vol. 44, No. 2, 2006, pp. 368-375.
  28. Lian, Y., and Liou, M-S., “Multi-objective Optimization of a Transonic Compressor Rotor using Evolutionary Algorithm,” Journal of Propulsion and Power, Vol. 21, No. 6, 2005, pp. 979-987.
  29. Lian, Y., and Shyy, W., “Three-Dimensional Fluid-Structure Interactions of a Membrane Wing for Micro Air Vehicle Applications,” Journal of Aircraft, Vol. 42, No. 5, 2005, pp. 865-873.
  30. Lian, Y., and Liou, M-S., “Multi-objective Optimization Using Coupled Response Surface Model and Evolutionary Algorithm,” AIAA Journal, Vol.43, No.6, 2005, pp. 1316-1325.
  31. Lian, Y., and Liou, M-S., “Mining of Data from Evolutionary Algorithms for Improving
    Design Optimization,” Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol. 8, No.1, 2005, pp. 61-72.
  32. Lian, Y., Shyy, W., Viieru, D., and Zhang, B. N., “Membrane Wing Aerodynamics for Micro Air Vehicles,” Progress in Aerospace Sciences, Vol. 39, 2003, pp. 425-465.
  33. Lian, Y., Steen, J., Trygg-Wilander, M. and Shyy, W., “Low Reynolds Number Turbulent Flows around a Dynamically Shaped Airfoil,” Computers and Fluids, Vol. 32, 2003, pp. 287-303.
  34. Lian, Y., Shyy, W., and Haftka,R., “Shape Optimization of a Membrane Wing for Micro Air Vehicles,” AIAA Journal, Vol. 42, 2004, pp. 424-426.
  35. Lian, Y., Shyy, W., Ifju, P., and Verron, E., “A Membrane Wing Model for Micro Air Vehicles,” AIAA Journal, Vol. 41, 2003, pp. 2492-2494.
  36. Kamakoti, R., Lian, Y., Regisford, S., Kurdila A. and Shyy, W., “Computational Aeroelasticity Using a Pressure-based Solver,” Computer Modeling in Engineering & Sciences, Vol. 3, 2002, pp. 773-790.
  37. Lian, Y. and Xu, K., “A Gas-Kinetic Scheme for Multi-material Flows and Its Application in Chemical Reactions,” Journal of Computational Physics, Vol. 163, 2000, pp. 349-375.
  38. Lian, Y. and Xu, K., “A Gas-Kinetic Scheme for Reactive Flows,” Computers and Fluids, Vol. 29, 2000, pp. 725-748.
  39. Lian, Y. and Wang, R., “A Simplified BGK-type Scheme,” Chinese Journal of Computational Mechanics, Vol. 16, 1999, pp. 275-282 (in Chinese).
  40. Lian, Y. and Wang, R., “Multiresolution Scheme Based on WENO Schemes,” Chinese Journal of Numerical Mathematics and Applications, Vol. 21, 1999, pp. 58-68.
  41. Lian, Y. and Wang, R., “Multiresolution Scheme Based on WENO,” Mathematic Numerica Sinica, Vol. 21, 1999, pp. 215-224.
  42. Lian, Y. and Wang, R., “A Comparison of Upwind Schemes Based on the Boltzmann Equation and the Euler Equations,” Communications in Nonlinear Science and Simulation, Vol. 2, 1997, pp. 117-120.
  43. Lian, Y. and Wang, R., “An Implicit Kinetic Flux Vector Splitting Scheme,” Communications in Nonlinear Science and Simulation, Vol. 2, 1997, pp. 185-190.

Publications in Conference Proceedings

  1. Guo, Y. and Lian, Y., (2017) “Investigation of Impact of Multiple Drops on Thin Liquid Film ,” AIAA Paper,
  2. Lian, Y., Liao, D., Qiu, H., Sussman, M., Vahab, M., and Hussaini, Y., (2017) “Experimental and Numerical Investigation of Icing Process of a Liquid Droplet ,” AIAA Paper,
  3. Vahab, M., Hussaini, M. Y., Sussman, M., and Lian, Y., (2016) “An adaptive coupled level set and moment-of-fluid method for simulating droplet impact and solification on solid surfaces with application to aircraft icing,” AIAA Paper,
  4. Lian, Y., Motil, B., and Rame, E., (2016) “Investigation of multiphase flow in a packed bed reactor under microgravity conditions,” AIAA Paper
  5. Guo, Y., and Lian, Y., (2016) “Numerical investigation of high-speed droplet impact on solid and wet surfaces,” AIAA Paper
  6. Lian, Y., and Guo, Y., (2015) “Numerical Investigation of the Effects of Rain Drops on an Airfoil Using the Moment of Fluid Method,” Proceedings of the ASME-JSME-KSME Joint Fluids Engineering Conference, July 26-31, Seoul, Korea, AJK2015-21729.
  7. Guo, Y., and Lian, Y., (2015) “Investigation of the Splashing Phenomenon of Large Droplets for Aviation Safety,” SAE 2015 International Conference on Icing of Aircraft, Engines, and Structures, Prague, Czech Republic, June 22-25, 2015, 15ICE-0078
  8. Zhang, C., Lian, Y., Hitzelberger, E., Kempiak, M., and Crane, S., “Experimental and Numerical Investigation of a Domestic Refrigerator,” ASME paper, FEDSM2014-21156.
  9. Li, G., Lian, Y., Mersch, M., Omalley, C., and Hoffman, A., “Liquid-gas Two Phase Flow Simulation for Flat Fan Nozzles,” ASME paper FEDSM2014-21170.
  10. Lian, Y., Guo, Y.S., Li, G.B., and Sussman, M., “Multiphase Flow Simulation Using the Moment of Fluid Method,” ICCFD8-2014-0162, July, 2014.
  11. Hord, K., and Lian, Y., “Feature Based Grid Adaption for the Study of Dynamic Stall,” AIAA paper, AIAA-2014-2997.
  12. Lian, Y., Yisen Guo, and Andrew Work “Numerical Simulation of Supercooled Large Droplets Using the Moment of Fluid Method,” AIAA Paper 2014-0740, AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition 2014: 52nd Aerospace Sciences Meeting.
  13. Li, G., Lian, Y., and Sussman, M., “Simulations of Gas-liquid Two-phase Jet Flows Using the Moment of Fluid Method”, Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Fluid Engineering Division Summer Meeting, FEDSM2013-16366
  14. Hord, K., Lian, Y.,“ Leading Edge Vortex Dynamics on a Pitch-up Airfoil”, Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Fluid Engineering Division Summer Meeting, FEDSM2013-16019
  15. Zhang, M., Lian, Y., “Numerical Investigation of the Coulter Principle in a Microfluidic Coulter Counter”, Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Fluid Engineering Division Summer Meeting, FEDSM2013-16011
  16. Zhang, C., Lian, Y., “Numerical Investigation of Heat Transfer and Flow Field in Domestic Refrigerators”, Proceedings of the ASME 2013 Fluid Engineering Division Summer Meeting, FEDSM2013-16039
  17. Zwanzig, S. D., Lian, Y., and Brehob, E., “Study of Energy Saving Using Phase Change Material in a Multi-Layered Building Envelope,” Proceedings of the ASME 2012 International Mechanical Engineering Congress & Exposition, IMECE2012-85926
  18. Chen, , Hord, K., Prater, R., Bai, L., and Lian, Y., “Design Optimization of a Vertical Axis Wind Turbine Using a Genetic Algorithm and Surrogate Models,” AIAA Paper 2012-5434
  19. Hord, K., and Lian, Y.,”Numerical Study of Finite Aspect Ratio Perching Wings,” AIAA paper 2012-1081
  20. Lian, Y., and Henshaw, W., “A Framework for Interactions of Fluids and Rigid Bodies with Arbitrary Motions,” AIAA Paper 2012-710
  21. Broering, T., and Lian, Y., “Investigation of Three-Dimensional Low Reynolds Number Tandem Flapping Wings,” AIAA paper 2012-709
  22. Prater, R., and Lian, Y., “Aerodynamic Response of Stationary and Flapping wings in Oscillatory Low Reynolds Number Flows,” AIAA Paper 2012-418.
  23. Hord, K., and Lian, Y., “Numerical Investigation of the Aerodynamic and Structural Characteristics of a Corrugated Airfoil,” AIAA paper 2010-4624.
  24. Prater, R., and Lian, Y., “Numerical Analysis of Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Flat Plate in Gusting Low Reynolds Number Flow,” AIAA Paper 2010-4564, Chicago, IL, June 2010.
  25. Broering, T., and Lian, Y., “The Effect of Wing Spacing on Tandem Wing Aerodynamics,” AIAA Paper 2010-4385, Chicago, IL, June 2010.
  26. Broering, T., Lian, Y., and Henshaw, W., “Numerical Study of Two Flapping Airfoils in Tandem Configuration,” AIAA Paper 2010-865, Orlando, FL, January 2010.
  27. Lian, Y., and Ol, M., “Experiments and Computation on a Low Aspect Ratio Pitching Flat Plate,” AIAA Paper 2010-385, Orlando, FL, January 2010.
  28. , M., Altman, A., Eldredge, J., Garman, D., and Lian, Y., “Summary of Progress on Pitching Plates: Canonical Problems in Low-Re Unsteady Aerodynamics,” AIAA Paper 2010-1085, Orlando, FL, January 2010.
  29. Lian, Y., “Parametric Study of a Pitching Flat Plate at Low Reynolds Numbers,” AIAA Paper 2009-3688, San Antonio, TX, June 2009.
  30. Lian, Y., “Numerical Investigation of Boundary Effects on Flapping Wing Study,” AIAA Paper 2009-539, Orlando, FL, January 2009.
  31. Lian, Y., Ol., M., and Shyy, W., "Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Reynolds Number Effect on Flapping Airfoil Aerodynamics," AIAA Paper 2008-0652.
  32. Lian, Y., Ol., M., and Shyy, W., “Numerical and Experimental Investigation of Reynolds Number Effect on Flapping Airfoil Aerodynamics,” AIAA Paper 2008-0652, Reno, NV, January 2008.
  33. Jayaraman, B., Lian, Y., and Shyy, W., "Low-Reynolds Number Flow Control Using Dielectric Barrier Discharge-Based Actuators," AIAA Paper 2007-3974, Miami, FL, June 2007.
  34. Lian, Y., and Shyy, W., "Aerodynamics of Low Reynolds Number Plunging Airfoil under Gusty Environment," AIAA Paper 2007-71, Reno, NV, 2007.
  35. Lian, Y., and Shyy, W., "Laminar-Turbulent Transition of a Low Reynolds Number Rigid or Flexible Airfoil," AIAA Paper 2006-3051, San Francisco, CA, June 2006.
  36. Viieru, D., Tang, J., Lian, Y., Liu, H., and Shyy, W., "Flapping and Flexible Wing Aerodynamics of Low Reynolds Number Flight Vehicles," AIAA Paper 2006-503, Reno, NV, January 2006.
  37. Lian, Y., and Liou, M., "Aero-Structure Optimization of a Transonic Compressor Blade," AIAA Paper 2005-3634, 41st AIAA/ASME/ASE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, Tucson, Arizona, July 10-13, 2005.
  38. Lian, Y., and Kim, N., "Reliability-based Design Optimization of a Transonic Compressor,'' AIAA Paper 2005-4021, 41st AIAA/ASME/ASE/ASEE Joint Propulsion Conference & Exhibit, Tucson, Arizona, July 10-13, 2005.
  39. Lian, Y., and Liou, M., "Multiobjective Optimization of a Transonic Compressor Blade using Evolutionary Algorithm," AIAA Paper 2005-1816, Austin, TX, June 2005.
  40. Lian, Y., and Liou, M., "Multiobjective Optimization Using Coupled Response Surface Model and Evolutionary Algorithm," AIAA Paper 2004-4323, Albany, NY, August 30-September 1, 2004.
  41. Lian, Y., and Liou, M., "Data Mining for Evolutionary Design Optimization," AIAA Paper 2004-2143, Portland, OR, June 28-July 1,2004.
  42. Lian, Y., Liou, M., and Oyama, A., "An Enhanced Evolutionary Algorithm with a Surrogate Model," Proceeding of Genetic and Evolutionary Computation Conference, Seattle, WA, June 2004.
  43. Zhang, B.N., Lian, Y., and Shyy, W., "Proper Orthogonal Decomposition for Three-Dimensional Membrane Wing Aerodynamics," AIAA Paper 2003-3917, Orlando, FL, June 2003.
  44. Viieru, D., Lian, Y., and Shyy, W., "Investigation of Tip Vortex on Aerodynamic Performance of a Micro Air Vehicle," AIAA Paper 2003-3597, Orlando, FL, June 2003.
  45. Lian, Y. and Shyy, W., "Three-Dimensional Fluid-Structure Interactions of a Membrane Wing for Micro Air Vehicle Applications," AIAA Paper 2003-1726, Norfolk, VA, April 2003.
  46. Lian, Y., Shyy, W. and Haftka, R., "Shape Optimization of a Membrane Wing for Micro Air Vehicles," AIAA Paper 2003-0106, Reno, NV, January 2003.
  47. Lian, Y., Shyy, W., Ifju, P. and Verron, E.,"A Computational Model for Coupled Membrane-Fluid Dynamics," AIAA Paper 2002-2972, St. Louis, MO, June 2002.
  48. Kamakoti, R., Lian, Y., Regisford, S., Kurdila, A. and Shyy, W., "Computational Aeroelasticity using a Pressure-based Solver," AIAA Paper 2002-0869, Reno, NV, January 2002.
  49. Ifju, P., Jenkins, D., Ettinger, S., Lian, Y. and Shyy, W., "Flexible-Wing-Based Micro Air Vehicles," AIAA Paper 2002-0705, Reno, NV, January 2002.
  50. Lian, Y., Steen, J., Trygg-Wilander, M., and Shyy, W., "Low Reynolds Number Turbulent Flows around a Dynamically Shaped Airfoil," AIAA Paper 2001-2723, Anaheim, CA, June 2001.
  51. Fuentes, C., He, X., Carroll, B., Lian, Y. and Shyy, W., "Low Reynolds Number Flows Around an Airfoil with a Movable Flap, Part 1: Experiments," AIAA Paper 2000-2239, Denver, CO, June 2000.
  52. He, X., Fuentes, C., Shyy, W., Lian, Y. and Carroll, B., "Computation of Transitional Flows around an Airfoil with a Movable Flap," AIAA Paper 2000-2240, Denver, CO, June 2000.

Technical Reports


  1. Lian, Y., and Xu, K., “A Gas-kinetic Scheme for Reactive Flows,” NASA/CR-1998-208963, ICASE Report No. 98-55.
  2. Lian, Y., and Xu, K., “A Gas-Kinetic Scheme for Multimaterial Flows and Its Application in Chemical Reaction,” NASA/CR-1999-209364, ICASE Report 99-28.